The devotees of the lord Ganesh
has almost learnt by heart this stanza. It is a
matter of daily utterance. Shri Ganesh is given
Prime importance among the Panch-Devas (Five Gods)
according to Indian Hindu tradition. Lord Ganesh
is respected with the first honour of worship, before
undertaking any auspicious occassion, or celebration.
For the successful completion of any auspicious
undertaking, the Tweleve - names of Lord Ganesh
are pronounced, and praised.
Name of Lord Ganesh are as follows : -
(with one tooth)
Summerily, one describes lord Ganesh,
as a God with beautiful face, with one tooth, black
in colour, with an ear of elephant, big tummy, ferracious,
demolishing the evils; a god with a bunch of virtous
characters, bearing smoky colour small banner, a
leader of the Ganas (People in general) bearing
the moon on his head, and having an elephant face.
However the inner meaning of these tweleve names
is drastically different. Let us go one by one:
One who has a beatutiful face.
The scientific interpretation of this is that; Lord
Ganesh got Farious hitting at the hands of lord
Shiva, with the latters weapons, and thus his body
becoming luminous like the sun. It became round
and entered the Chandra Mandal. (Circumference of
the moon) jumping in like a frog. The moon is known
as a godness of beauty. On entering the Chandra
Mandal, the luminous section in this God came to
life again, then Ganesh brought along with him all
the prominent characteristics of the moon, and so
the name " Sumukh " was given.
Whenever Lord Ganesh is worshipped
at the beginning of any auspicious occassion his
sacred and beautiful face is always the center of
His small eyes signify the seriousness.
Long nose suggests his wisdom and intellect, where
as his long flat ears suggest his knowledge prowess
of extreme nature. He listens to the events which
are significant, so also carefully listens to the
complaints and grievances of his devotees. Deergha
Karna (Long ears) means this. He pronounces the
integrated nature of Omkar...... i.e. Bramha Vishnu
and Mahesh. All these dimensions together justify
his name as Sumukh.
Ek Danta (Having One Tooth) :
There is a story behind this name,
once, mother Parvati, Went for a bath, telling Gajanana
to project the entrance, and not to allow way one
inside, and should stop him if one wishes. Then
Lord Parashuram arrived there and tried to enter
Ganesh obstructed him. He strongly abused and disowned
Parshuram who got severely hurt and thus retaliated
by weapons. He attacked Ganesh first, and in the
process, Ganesh lost one of his teeth. Therefore
he became known as " Ek Danta " Even that
broken tooth harshly disowned Parashuram and pressed
him with an intention to kill. However the disciples
of Shiva interfered and stopped Ganesh from doing
so. There was havoc among the Gods, at the sight
of Ganeshas broken teeth. To please him however,
the Gods praised that broken teeth also. This is
a historical story. The philosophical sense however
is that when lord Ganesha had two teeth, he was
not the god, who believed in the doctrine of duet
entity. However, when he had only one single tooth.
he became a propagandist of Singular doctrine i.e.
It is every ones case, when initially
man is in a state of confussion and belives in Dwait
(duel doctrine) But finally chooses only one aim
and travels towards it (A d wati) and becames successful
in life. Lord shri Ganesh; not only was successful
with his " Ekdant "and had the honour
of being worshipped as a leader. Ek is Maya, Danta
means Mayesk. There is a coordination
of Maya and Mayeek within lord Ganesh and hence,
is, EK Danta.'
Is an adjective means of Grey colour;
Smoky grey colour cow is called Kapila; The cow
satisfies the needs of a man keeping him healthy
by giving products like milk, curd, ghee etc. though
she is gray in colour similarly lord Ganesh gives
Ghee in the form of knowledge, curd in the form
of wisdom and milk in the form of expression. He
makes man healthy, destroys all his evils and clears
off his worries. Therefore his name "Kapil"
fits in, in the sense it carries.
Is the forth name of lord Ganesh
means God with ears of elephant. It is very well
known with this name. He listens to everyone. The
people with high degree of intellect and wisdom
can only do great things; those with cheap hearing
character always listen to trifle matters which
do not achieve any benefits for mankind. This Ganesh
Deity with long ears, as if, teaches the humanity
not be a listener of cheap things, The ill wishers
around may utter many good or bad words about us,
listen to then but do not pronounce; not even once.
Lambodar (Big Belly) :
With large stomach portion. Shri
Ganesh is remembered Ganesh Gayatri as under. Human
beings are of two kinds. In the first category,
people digest and store every good will thing within
them. However, the people in second category cannot
digest anything. Reference is made in the book titled
"Ganapati Sambhaus", which narrates
that, Lord Ganesh Learnt the art of music, from
the tinkling sound of Nupoor, ornament in the feet
tied around the ankles of Parvati Mata. He studied
vedas from the sound of Damaru of Lord Shiva Thus,
with the accumulation and storage of vast knowledge,
his tummy became large.
This is Ganesha's Sixth name. It
means ferocious, dreadful. Ganesh has all his body
of a human being, whereas, his face is of elephant.
To realize the truth behind this name "Vikat"
lord Ganesh stands firmly to defeat all the evils
in the way. It is always said that one has to raise
encounters in the same manner, as the opponents
behave. The name given thus, gives inspiration to
common man. Ganesh did not surrender even before
Vighna Nashak :
Lord Ganesh is a destroyer of all
evils and Calamities. As is said in the Atharva
Shirsha. it means, We pray and worship with folded
hands, that Ganesh, who is a son of Shiva, destroys
the evils, and who also incarnates before his devotees
in the posture of blessings given, Shri Ganesh removes
fear from the minds. It is the only deity who holds
control over all evils. Therefore he is known as
This is Lord Ganesha's Eighth name
meaning thereby specific Nayak or Hero or leader
or Swami. There will be no obstruction or stoppage
in the work undertaken, when Lord Ganesh is satisfied
with prayer and worshipped while performing the
secured rites of "Punyahvachan"
(reading) it is pronounced Priyatam", this
a remembrance of Ganesh as a conqueror of calamities.
In the word Vinayak Letter 'V' stands for Vighna
- calamity - Nayak is Swamy - controller.
Means Agni...... a flag like a
smoke. It carries two meanings. Smoke of Decision
- suspicion, a smoke, which would give concrete
shape to the ideas and fluttering in the atmosphere
like a flag. Therefore Ganesh is known as Dhoomraketu
Second meaning : Like Agni, Shri
Ganesh destroys all the evils and calamities, which
come in the way of the philosophical and scientific
progress of mankind and enables it to achieve the
highest success by providing strength.
This is Shri Ganesha's Tenth name.
It also carries two meanings. A swami or a controller
of such things, which can be counted. Second meaning
is swami or a controller of Ganas. (General People)
Nar (Men), Asur (Demon) Nag (Snakes) Chaturveda
(four vedas) four Purusharthas.......Ganesha is
the swami of all these. Science calls Ganesha as
the swami of all these. Science calls Ganesha as
entire universe (Bramha) therefore known as Ganancha
This is Shri Ganesha's eleventh
name. One who wears moon on his head. The moon has
a relation with all creatures in this world. By
holding the moon on the head, Shri Ganesh creates
an atmosphere of pleasure and peace with his cool
More peace observed by a person with his thoughtful
mind and wisdom, can shoulder his responsibilities
in a more effective efficient way. He will definitely
be more successful in every endeavor, he undertakes
with quiet mind.
Another meaning of Bhalchandra
means, that moon is a king of Brahmins, one who
is perfect in knowing Brahma. Thus by holding this
Brahmin king on his head, Ganapati has as if stored
the entire knowledge of Brahma and therefore achieved
an honors of worship at the first place. It has
therefore an inner meaning.
This is the Twelth and last name.
It names a God having the face of elephant. Half
at his body is of a human being while face is like
elephant. Small eyes like elephant conveys the meaning
of critical eyesight, also suggesting that one should
have generous outlook. It further signifies lord
Ganesha's determination to protect the dignify and
status of mankind forever. Long ears suggest that
he is capable of listening everything. From the
throat to his head, portion of Ganesha is like elphant,
therefore is more prominent and attractive.
Gaja means .... those Rishis or
Yogis who sit in the posture of Samadhi for years
and achieve salvation, that is known as 'G' on the
other hand, 'J' is suggesting materialistic approach
towards life which we call Prapancha.... Human life.
In 'Ganapat Sambahav' Book it is
written that a man and an elephant can live up to
120 years of age. A man can survive up to this limit
with sincere efforts. Ganesha has thus tried to
establish relation between a man and an elephant
therefore has incarnated himself in this combination.